Many people measure intelligence as mental prowess. The ability to think deeply, solve sums, and overall mental acuity are seen as desirable traits in this regard. Academic institutions are designed on this intelligence model, rewarding students who display outstanding mental ability in learning. The Intelligent Quotient (IQ) is a model designed to ascertain an individual’s mental strength. It sets the standard for who is considered brilliant and who is not.
Intelligence is more broadly defined as a whole, composed of two distinguishable halves: mental and emotional intelligence. They complement each other, excelling in one sphere of intelligence, and being sub-par in the other brings a sort of imbalance. Mental acuity goes a way to determine how well a person can grasp and retain knowledge. On the other hand, emotional intelligence talks about how a person connects, discerns, and understands his or her own emotions and those around them. What then is emotional intelligence?
Emotional intelligence (EI), otherwise known as Emotional Quotient (EQ), is an individual’s ability to be in touch with their emotions and those of others, distinguishing between observable emotional energies and putting a label on them in your mind’s eye. These labels are useful for any meaningful interaction is to be made. It goes further, processing emotional data collected to respond to situations appropriately. Emotional intelligence guides our thought and behavioral patterns and our capacity to adapt to a new environment and establish positive connections with people.
School can get messy sometimes. There is always an assignment to do, or project to complete or tests and exams to prepare for. The mind is always under pressure as it tries to figure out a way to cope with all of these. Being under so much stress can in many ways affect how we interact with people. Stress manifests in many ways. The most common one is aggression or in a milder term, “Lashing out”.
5 Things to Know About Emotional Intelligence
Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence according to Daniel Goleman;
• Self-Awareness: This implies having a clear understanding of one’s emotions, drives, strengths, shortcomings, and capabilities. There’s nothing new about this idea on the surface, and it’s been talked about for millennia. But it’s a vital skill disregarded by many. It’s crucial as people with a high level of self-awareness understand how their emotions and beliefs impact them and how they communicate with others. In this sense, they take time to think about important things and how their job and life relate to them. This self-reflection allows them to realize their shortcomings and strengths, and they are honest about it.
• Self-Regulation: This is the capacity for mental control and desires, also known as impulse control and self-control. People who self-regulate usually don’t get too angry or jealous; they’re not hot-tempered, and they do not make reckless decisions. They give second thoughts before any action or reaction. Self-regulation characteristics include concern, integrity, comfort with transition and the ability to know when to say no. They are excellent at delayed gratification and recognize that they can achieve better results by waiting for what they want. They are based on an internal code of ethics rather than a standard defined norm of conduct.
• Motivation: People with a high level of EI are typically driven. These individuals are ready to delay immediate results for long-term success. They embrace challenges, they are highly productive and are good at everything they do. They recognize that motivation comes from celebration and gratitude and often encourage themselves and others.
• Empathy: This is the ability to identify and understand people’s needs, wants, and perceptive; most times, this requires putting yours in their position. Empathetic people are good at understanding others’ emotions, even though they may not be obvious. Consequently, empathetic people are usually listening, managing a team, and relating to others very well. They do not categorize and judge too quickly, and they live very freely and honestly, showing kindness, goodwill and a positive attitude to others.
• Social Skills: Another indicator of high EI is good social skills. They are co-operating and are good team players. They realize that success is by helping others grow and shine instead of concentrating on their success in the first place. They can handle conflicts, are outstanding communicators, and are experts in relationship building and sustainability. The empathy on which these social skills are built makes people with high EI. They are often patient, generous, confidential, thankful, and emotionally friendly.
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